Isa 65:17, “For behold, I create new heavens
and a new earth; and the former things will not be remembered or come to mind.”
Rev 21:1, “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first
heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea.”
New Heavens in the Hebrew is CHADASH (khaw-dawsh)
Earth in the Hebrew is CHADASH ERETS
New Heavens in the Greek is KAINOS (kahee-nos’)
Earth in the Greek is KAINOS GE (ghay)
every scripture where the New Heavens and the New Earth are mentioned, “heaven”
is in the plural for “heavens” except in Rev 21:1 where “heaven” is in the singular. Scriptures that use “new heaven(s) and new
earth include; Isa 65:17; 66:22; 2 Peter ; Rev 21:1.
plurality of “heavens” ties in with what Paul referred to as God’s throne room
being “the third heaven.”
2 Cor 12:2, “I know a man in Christ who fourteen years
ago—whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God
knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven.”
first heaven is the atmosphere around planet earth, Gen 1:6-8.
second heaven is the stellar universe, Act 7:42.
third heaven is God’s throne room, which is outside of our universe, 2 Cor 12:2 and Rev 4-5.
at a minimum planet earth, its atmosphere and the stellar universe will be
recreated. In Heb
implication is that only the lower heavens are subject to renewal.
Rev 21:1 we also noted that the new heavens and earth are a new universe. With this we understand that there have
been three universes in history. The first one was the Angelic Universe, (Gen
1:1; 2 Peter 3:5), the one which included planet earth prior to its
restoration and the creation of mankind. (Many of the things that have been dug
up, called dinosaurs, etc., simply belong to the first universe, the angelic
universe.) Secondly, we have the Universe of Mankind, (Gen 1:3-31; 2 Peter 3:7), the universe of human history, which we are
currently apart of and will continue through the Tribulation and Millennium.
Then there will be the third universe, the creation of new heavens and a new
earth which will be the Universe of the EternalState, (Rev 21:1; 2 Peter ). This is the one we are studying which includes the
Eternal heaven will be different from the heaven
where God now dwells. In the consummation of all things, God will recreate the
heavens and the earth, merging His heaven with a new universe for a perfect
dwelling place that will be our home forever.
In other words, heaven, the realm where God dwells,
will expand to encompass the entire universe of creation, which will be fashioned
into a perfect and glorious domain fit for the glory of heaven. The apostle
Peter described this as the hope of every redeemed person.
2 Peter 3:13, “But according to His
promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness
The idea of new heavens and a new earth in substance
is also found in Isa 51:16; Mat 19:28; 2 Cor 5:17; Heb 12:26-29. In each case the reference
is eschatological, where even the adjective “new” seems to have acquired, in
this and other connections, a semi-technical eschatological sense regarding the
As for the Old Testament, it has no single word for
“universe,” therefore the phrase “heaven and earth” serves to supply the
In Isa 65:17 the new heavens and earth are “created”, which is the Hebrew
later in Isa 66:22 God says he will “make” the new heavens and earth
which is the Hebrew word ASAH. Why the difference?
means, “to shape or create.” In the Qal stem, as it is here, it means to “create something out
of nothing.” This is comparable to EX NIHILO in the Latin. Therefore, out of
nothing God will create the New Heavens and New Earth.
Just as in the original creative act, (Isa 43:7;
45:18), God created out of nothing the heavens and the earth, so in the
creation of the New Heavens and New Earth God will create (BARA) them out of
The Hebrew of the original creation of the universe
and the restoration of planet earth is compared below as found in Gen 1:1; Isa 45:18 and Isa 43:7 where He created man.
A literal translation for these verses includes:
Gen 1:1, “In a beginning which was
not a beginning, in eternity past, Elohimcreated
out of nothing, (BARA), the entire universe, including Planet Earth.”
Isa 45:18, “For thus says the Lord
that created out of nothing
(BARA) the heavens; God himself formed (JATSAR) the earth and made it from existing materials
(ASAH); He has established it.”
Isa 43:7, “…for I, Jesus Christ, have created out of
nothing, (BARA), the soul of man for my glory, I have fashioned the outer
features of his body; yes, I have made his body out of the existing
materials of the chemicals of the ground, (ASAH).”
In Isa 66:22 God says he will “make”, ASAH, the New Heavens and
Earth. ASAH means, “todo or make.” This word has the concept of “building out of something
already in existence.” Therefore, based on Isa 65:17, God will create out of
nothing the new heavens and the new earth and then take the new heavens and new
earth and build them into a beautiful environment for all redeemed creation,
just as He did in the restoration of planet earth in Gen 1:1 where he added plan and
Therefore, just as in the original creative act God
first created out of nothing the Heavens and the Earth, so in the creation of
the New Heavens and New Earth God will create (BARA) them out of nothing, and
then build out of something already in existence (ASAH), the environment we
will enjoy in the heavens and on earth for the rest of eternity.
is interesting to note that in the closing chapters of Revelation with the
creation of the New Heavens and the New Earth that it reflect
the motifs of Genesis
comparison with Genesis includes, just as the earth was destroyed with water in
the great flood of Genesis
6, the heavens and
the earth will be cleansed with fire at the end of the Millennial Reign, 2 Peter 3:3-14. In this, Col, states of Christ, “He is before all things, and in
Him all things hold together.” Just as the power of the atom is today locked in
by Christ, so it will be unlocked at the time when God is finished with our
Rev 21:1-2 we see that the new earth will not have a sea, Rev 21:1-2. The sea was the holding place for demons which will
be thrown into the Lake of Fire at this time. Also this may be why there is no
mention of fish in the four living creatures who
represent all of creation and worship God.
all the final works of God, none could surpass the creation of a new heaven and
a new earth, Rev
21-22. The new heaven and new earth blend together
in a great kingdom that incorporates both realms. The paradise of eternity is
thus revealed as a magnificent kingdom where both heaven and earth unite in a
glory that surpasses the limits of the human imagination and the boundaries of
is further declared by Isaiah that the new earth and the new heaven shall so
surpass the present, that these will never be called to mind again, Isa 65:17.
Isa 65:17, “For behold, I create new
heavens and a new earth; and the former things will not be remembered or come
title “new heaven and new earth” names a physical reality that also speaks of a
new order of creation that will replace the present created heaven and earth, Rev 21:1, 5, an order in which exists a people of God with whom
He will dwell in the closest of relationships, Rev 21:3; 22:3-4.
only the angels may have witnessed the creation of the present order, all
living creatures will observe the final act of creation.
must be an everlasting new earth because God has given Israel the promise of an everlasting possession of the land,
those who stand in eternal favor with God are the earthly citizens whose
destiny it is to go on into eternity as the dwellers on the earth, cf. Rev 21:3-4; Isa 66:22.
the heavenly citizens have a destiny to occupy the new heaven, cf. Heb 12:22-24; Rev 21:9- 22:7; John
neither group is bound to only the one location.
Isa 66, the Lord
promises that this new heaven and new earth will remain forever, as will all
the saints of God
This new heaven is not confined to one locality
marked off by visible or measurable boundaries. It transcends the confines of
time - space dimensions.
is clearly asserted that heaven is “far better” than the earth, Phil . It is in heaven that the child of God will be
conformed to the image of Christ, Rom 8:29; Phil 3:20-21; 1John 3:1-3. Likewise, he will know then even as God knows now, 1 Cor 13:12, and believers will be together with the Lord, 1 Thes 4:16-17.
In the new heaven and earth nothing will make
us afraid, and nothing will separate us from other people.
Having no boundaries of sea, the only water
described in heaven is “a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal,
proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb” (Revelation 22:1). This
crystal-clear river flows right down heaven’s main street (22:2).
Revelation 21:3-7 outlines the most remarkable
features of the new heavens and new earth. Here Scripture promises that heaven
will be a realm of perfect bliss. Tears, pain, sorrow, and crying will have no
place whatsoever in the new heaven and new earth. It is a place where God’s
people will dwell together with Him eternally, utterly free from all the
effects of sin and evil. God is pictured as personally wiping away the tears
from the eyes of the redeemed.
Heaven is a realm where death is fully conquered,
1 Cor 15:26. There is no sickness there, no hunger, no
trouble, and no tragedy. Just absolute joy and eternal
citizens of heaven our bodies will have been transformed, our whole being will
have been conformed to Christ; we who are now joined to Christ will then be
forever with Christ in glory. Being now in Christ, we are partaking of what He
is, and being married to Christ we will share with Him in all things as a bride
enters into the position and estate of her bridegroom.
is the appropriate home of God the Father, of Christ, of the Spirit, of the
Church of the first-born, and of the “spirits of just men made perfect.” cf. Heb 12:22-24.
principal feature of the new earth will be the New Jerusalem pictured as a
bride adorned for her husband and a city which comes down from God out of
heaven to the new earth, Rev 21:2, 9-10.
James H. Rickard
Rickard Bible Ministries ã Copyright
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